Study finds healthy plant-based diet reduces diabetes risk by 24%

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Many cases of type 2 diabetes can be avoided by adopting a healthy lifestyle. A plant-based diet has been shown to play a key role in this. A study led by Tilman Khn of the Center for Public Health at the Medical University of Vienna shows that in limited circumstances a plant-based diet exerts its protective effects only if consumption of animal-based foods as well as industrially processed and high-sugar foods is reduced . .

For the first time, scientists have discovered that in addition to reducing the likelihood of obesity, a healthy plant-based diet can have positive effects by improving metabolism as well as liver and kidney function.The findings were recently published in the journal Diabetes and Metabolism.

According to the team’s analysis, a healthy plant-based diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and whole meal products can reduce the risk of diabetes by 24 percent, even if you have a genetic predisposition and other diabetes risk factors, including obesity, advanced age or physical inactivity. On the other hand, an unhealthy plant-based diet (high in sweets, refined grains, and sugary drinks) increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Key biomarkers identified

The study was conducted on 113,097 participants in a large UK cohort study (UK Biobank), with an observation period of 12 years. According to their findings, the reasons behind the anti-diabetic effects of a healthy plant-based diet go well beyond the well-known lower body fat percentage and waist circumference.

“Our study is the first to identify biomarkers of central metabolic processes and organ function as mediators of the health effects of a plant-based diet,” said Tilman Khn, professor of public health nutrition at the Medical University of Vienna and the University of Vienna. The study was conducted in collaboration with Belfas It was conducted in close collaboration with researchers from Queen’s University. Studies have confirmed that normal values ​​for blood lipids (triglycerides), blood glucose (HbA1c), inflammatory parameters (CRP) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) are associated with a lower risk of developing diabetes.

Discovered more benefits

It has also been proven how important the complete function of the liver and kidneys is in preventing diabetes. Both organs play important roles in people who already have diabetes.

“However, our research now shows that a healthy plant-based diet can improve liver and kidney function, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes,” said Khn, outlining the previously underappreciated benefits of a conscious plant-based diet.

More information:
Alysha S. Thompson et al., A healthy plant-based diet is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes through improved metabolic status and organ function: a prospective cohort study, Diabetes and Metabolism (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.diabet.2023.101499

Provided by Medical University of Vienna

citation: Retrieved December 12, 2023, from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-12-healthy-plant-based-diet-diabetes Research (December 11, 2023) found that a healthy plant-based diet Can reduce diabetes risk by 24%. html

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